About Carlisle - The 2000 year old City
Historically, whoever held Carlisle could influence the destinies of both England and Scotland. Our great border city has seen many tribes, armies and rebels come and go, with each leaving a legacy for today's visitors to experience.
The very first inhabitants were the Celtic warlords who were widespread around the region.When the Romans arrived in force to defend their Empire and built Hadrian's Wall now one of the most important designated World Heritage Sites in existence today they established the garrisons of Luguvalium and Petrianum. By the 5th century, the Romans had left but Luguvalium remained and its fort, known as Caerligaluid, prospered.
Legend has it that in the mysterious Dark Ages that followed, King Arthur and his magician Merlin visited Carlisle. But it was during the tempestuous Middle Ages that many of Carlisle's historic and lasting monuments were established.The magnificent Castle founded in 1092 by William the Conquerer's son now stands as testament to the years of feuding over the English-Scottish border. It was once the prison of Mary, Queen of Scots and is still home to the King's Own Royal Border Regiment today. Explore its imposing dungeons and labyrinths, find the Licking Stones and prisoners' carvings, as well as discovering how Bonnie Prince Charlie captured the Castle in 1745. Close by is the Citadel, built by Henry VIII with its original "twin drum" bastions. Carlisle's Cathedral, with its famous 14th century stained glass window, is also a must see as is the award winning Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery, with its innovative Millennium Gallery.
- Carlisle offers one of the most compact, level and visitor friendly city centres in the country. From boutique chic to familiar high-street havens, you will find it all in the award winning The Lanes shopping centre and the pedestrianised main high street.
- Visit the award-winning Market Hall in Carlisle, which is now one of the few remaining covered Victorian Markets in the country.
- A regular Carlisle city centre Farmers' Market has a huge variety of food from around the region